The summary also acknowledged the need for the bloc to advance trade facilitation measures. These include simplified trade regimes for informal cross-border traders and upgrading trans-boundary infrastructure to assist firms keen to penetrate the new markets opened up by the agreement. The private sector was recognised as playing the central role in achieving this project to create a more empowered, inclusive and transformed continent. It would also be essential for businesses to partner with governments to develop innovative financing solutions to tackle health, education, infrastructure and environmental challenges that could hold back Africa from effectively operating and benefitting from the bold economic plan.
The statement came after four days of dialogue and robust exchange on the theme ‘African Continental Free Trade Area: Creating fiscal space for jobs and economic diversification’ that addressed key issues for the continent including agriculture’s role in economic growth; financing infrastructure; tackling illicit financial flows; and an integrated strategy for the Sahel.
The theme of the meeting was considered highly relevant by the participants who commended the organisers for focussing on ‘real’ African issues. Dr. Robert Nantchouang, Senior Knowledge Management Expert from the African Capacity Building Foundation, said the meeting successfully highlighted pressing issues related to the economic integration agenda. He remarked: ‘It was a timely and opportune moment for African countries to gather around a common issue that was embraced by all participants. Nobody was left behind in this discussion.’
Vera Songwe, Executive Secretary of the ECA, reaffirmed the commitment of her organisation to support governments moving towards economic integration through its convening, thought process and operational functions. The meeting recognised the preeminent role of human and institutional capacity building that would enable the AfCFTA to meet many of the continent’s development needs. She commented: ‘Africa is waiting. Our challenges are huge but we are on the way to solving them through the AfCFTA.’
The meeting forms part of wider consultations on the historic deal that was signed by 44 presidents and government leaders in Kigali (Rwanda) in March 2018. Countries will now be required to ratify and implement the legal instruments of the agreement that would create a trade bloc with a combined gross domestic product of more than $3 trillion together with an additional 300,000 direct and 2 million indirect jobs according to the African Union.
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