Sub-clinical hypothyroidism is a silent condition with no or mild symptoms
New Delhi, 2th February 2018: A recent report has revealed that about 32% Indians have abnormal thyroid levels and suffer from various thyroid disorders like thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, goiter, thyroiditis, and thyroid cancer. The report also indicates that sub-clinical hypothyroidism is a milder form of hypothyroidism. A silent condition, it affects more women than men and is the most prevalent form of thyroid disorder across the country.
Subclinical hypothyroidism is diagnosed when a person has: no symptoms or mild symptoms of hypothyroidism; a mildly high thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level; and a normal thyroxine (T4) level.
Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee Dr K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) and Immediate Past National President Indian Medical Association (IMA), said, “Thyroid diseases are more common in women. They can cause many problems including weight gain and hormonal imbalances. Genetics have a major role to play in the determination of thyroid hormones and TSH concentrations, as also the susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid disease. Those with a family history of thyroid problems may be predisposed to thyroid abnormalities. It is, therefore, important to be aware of your family’s medical history and take precautions beforehand.”
Some common clinical features of hypothyroidism include depression and fatigue, hyperlipidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia, Goitre, coarse hair, cold intolerance, constipation and weight gain, hoarseness, hearing loss, Menorrhagia, slow return phase in knee reflexes, Bradycardia, and coronary artery disease or cardiac risk factors.
Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, who is also Group Editor of IJCP, “The need of the hour is to reach out and create awareness among people about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and importance of testing for thyroid problems. This is particularly significant for women as the incidence of acquiring this disease is more in them. Pregnant women or those planning to conceive should get themselves checked to ensure that their thyroid functions are normal.”
Here are some tips for those living with thyroid disorders.
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