The way of calculation, grading and evaluation of the work done by students is different between universities and the boards. It is important for students to know the method of calculation conducted and general knowledge of the terms used. Students who have cleared their class 12, and are applying to various courses in Colleges and Universities, should be aware of the meaning of the terms like CGPA and SGPA and the difference between them, as both terms will be used in their graduation and further higher studies, after 12th. The blog aims to provide the information you need to understand the difference between CGPA and SGPA:
CGPA Vs SGPA: Defining CGPA and SGPA
Semester Grade Point Average or SGPA, is an average grade point that is calculated at the end of an academic session like a semester at college. The formula for calculation of SGPA is the sum of all the credit points awarded for the subjects divided by total credits allotted to that semester. Whereas, Cumulative Grade Point Average or CGPA is used to measure the overall student’s academic performance of the students in school and colleges. The formula for calculation of CGPA is Sum of total SGPA in all semesters divided by total number of credit hours. Another difference between both is, SGPA is for a shorter period of time and CGPA is for a longer period of time.
For better understanding on difference between CGPA and SGPA, let’s explain with the help of an example, where we will bring the difference between the two, through the way they are calculated:
Before starting the calculation of SGPA, you must understand that each letter grades are assigned a grade point: (Here we are taking a 4-point scale, which is a commonly used grading system, around the world)
Inorder to calculate your SGPA, first multiply the number of credits each class allotted by the point value for the letter grade that you earned in that class. To obtain SGPA –
SGPA = Sum of all the credit points awarded for the subjects / Total credits allotted to that semester
Now, Suppose a student named Rahul of B.Com (Hons) is studying at ABC University. There the student is in 3 semester of 2nd year in B.Com. After giving the exam, the student obtain the result. Below is a semester SGPA obtained by the student, which will help you understand how SGPA is calculated:
SGPA = 34.1 / 11 = 3.1 Letter Grade= B
Before starting the calculation of CGPA, you must understand that each letter grades are assigned a grade point and marks:
Let’s calculate the CGPA with the given SGPA. Generally, a normal MBA is a 2-year program, which consists of 4 semesters. Suppose, Surya gets the following SGPAs in 4 Semesters:
So the CGPA for M.Sc program is = 6+8+5+9 / 4
= 28 / 4 = 7.00 CGPA Letter Grade= A
Now if you want to know how to calculate CGPA from Marks, let’s take another example. Neha has cleared the MSc in Biotechnology program, and obtains following marks in 4 Semesters:
Overall indicative percentage of the marks = 9.5 х CGPA
CGPA= 59.25/9.5 = 6.23 CGPA Letter Grade= A
Through help of the example, you must have understood that to get a good CGPA at the end of course, you must have a good consistent SGPA throughout your course tenure (semesters).
Hope the blog has helped you providing the difference between CGPA and SGPA, with the help of example.
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