Dr. Kasu Prasad Reddy
By: Dr. Kasu Prasad Reddy – Chief Surgeon & Founder of MaxiVision Eye Hospitals, Hyderabad.
Digitalization has swallowed the world much faster than expected. The pandemic further catalyzed the walk on the digitalization journey of people. It is believed that 32% of the Indian population owns a mobile phone and 560 million use the internet. This makes India the second-largest online market place, right after China. It is estimated that by 2023 India will have a whopping 650 million internet user, stastista.com. We should also be accounting for the population that uses the internet on computers, nearly 8 hours a day! The constant staring at screens and the white light glare is causing intense damage to the most important organ of our body, the eyes.
At MaxiVision, we as eye care providers have witnessed a surge in eye issues in the population under 25 years of age. This is more so for people working in the Information Technology field. As a result of this, we had special departments for computer vision syndrome, to address the vision defects, and related orthopedic issues because of improper ergonomics. We recommend the special use of ARC Glasses (Anti-reflective coated) glasses for computer users, and teach them proper ergonomics and eye exercises while working long hours in front of computers. What we observed as eye specialists are that users are addicted to their digital devices even when not on their official work duties.
Digital addiction is more lethal than a drug addiction. There are multiple issues related to digital addiction. Digital Addiction is defined as a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social, and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors”. Symptoms of digital addiction such as increased loneliness (also called “phoneliness”), anxiety, and depression were observed in a sample of university undergraduates who completed a survey about smartphone use during and outside of class. Other observations included observations of “I Neck” (poor) posture as well as how multitasking/semi tasking was prevalent in the sample.
A range of medical issues can result from digital addictions that can affect your health.
Corona has probably made a lot of ‘couch potatoes’ than before. People spending more time on digital, on Television affect the sitting position or sleeping positions. So even if you have to spend more time on Television or computer systems, or talking hours together on mobile phones, please choose a proper seating, sit erect, take frequent breaks, and also do small exercises post these sessions to keep your back pain or neck pain at bay.
Three devices which are an essential part of our day to day life need to be used well to protect your vision health
All mobile phones, computer screens emit radiation. The radiation level, also called the SAR value (specific absorption rate), is the unit of measurement for the quantity of electromagnetic energy that is absorbed by the body when using a cordless device (mobile, tablet, cordless phone, etc.). The SAR value of a mobile device controls the heat the device generates but does not protect you from the adverse health effects on the human body that are caused by the nature of these radiations. Too much screen time can wreck your eyes. Smartphones, laptops, and other handheld devices all transmit light. The only option is to reduce screen time.
Using a laptop exposes you to Electromagnetic Fields (or EMFs)–basically radio waves that emanate from electronic devices and create a magnetic field. These can be refereed as “Laptop radiation” (though not technically). The heat radiating from your laptop can actually damage your skin. Researchers say the skin discoloration can be permanent, and in rare cases it can cause damage leading to certain skin cancers. Blocking the heat from your laptop can be equally important for male fertility. The heat produced by laptops is definitely not sperm-friendly. If you want healthy sperm count, keep that laptop heat away!
OLED TVs really are good for your eyes. As reported by TV, gaming, and media publication FlatpanelsHD, TÜV Rheinland found that LG Display’s OLED panels passed its tests for flicker, while further tests have found the panels to be almost flicker-free. A 4K display is no more likely to cause eyestrain than a 1080p alternative. In fact, its greater clarity is an asset. Eyestrain can still occur, but if it does it’s because of excessive brightness, improper positioning, or other factors, not the resolution.
There have been certain adverse behavioral conditions in People using excessive digital devices. To elaborate a few,
Technology has affected kids adversely. These days, loneliness, depression, anxiety, stress, attention deficit disorders, and inability to concentrate inability to make decisions due to numerous options available online are some of the issues rampant in kids. Lifestyle changes like irregular bedtimes, the use of alcohol and tobacco, irregular dietary behavior due to the loss of appetite, a high frequency of skipping meals and snacking too have been observed. All the above might cause imbalances in nutritional intake and stunted growth and development.
Overall, yes while digitalization has eased our lives but it has come with its own sets of adverse effects. Unfortunately, these adverse effects have a far-reaching consequence on the essential health of human life and hence effective warning definitely needs to be sounded off to concerned sections of the society and the population at large. Eyes they say are the windows to your soul, we ought to protect them. Safeguard your eyes, safeguard your body.
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