NEW DELHI: Fortum, a Finnish clean energy company, successfully completed its first commercial combustion modification project in India with Hindalco-Mahan Aluminium, part of Aditya Birla Group. The project was aimed at reducing nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions on one of the 150-MW boilers located in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The NOx emissions of a coal-fired boiler are for the first time cut down to such extent that NOx levels reached well below 300 mg/Nm3 in all loads and mill combinations. The project started in June 2019 and the boiler was commissioned in March 2020 and has been in operation since then but due to COVID-19, the comprehensive Performance Guarantee Tests were completed in October 2020.
Fortum has advanced technology for bringing about NOx reduction up to the Statutory Limits by using only primary combustion modification on the boiler with minimal capital expenses and no operating expenses. Fortum is one of the only companies that can help reduce NOx levels below 300 mg/Nm3 by applying only primary methods.
The project met the guaranteed values of 290 mg/Nm3 of NOx (at 6% oxygen reference) in all mill combinations and load conditions (60%, 80%, and 100%) by using local Indian coal with the lowest NOx values remaining well below 200 mg/Nm3.
Keeping in mind the expertise in planning and execution of NOx reduction combustion refurbishments, Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal, Managing Director, Fortum India, said, “India’s existing coal-fired plants will need to go through technological up-gradation to meet the stringent emission norms. Even the 15-20 years old power plants have the potential to improve their energy efficiency and reduce their air emissions significantly, like in the case of NOx emissions, by adopting the best available technologies. With the Hindalco-Mahan project, we have been able to demonstrate that it is not only possible to meet the existing NOx emission norms in India, but also overtake them and with some margins.”
Mr. Juha Suomi, Head of Sales, Fortum eNext, said, “Reducing the emission levels of power plants will not only help make the energy sector more sustainable but also curb the air pollution levels, thereby taking India closer towards achieving its climate goals. Fortum is committed to supporting India in achieving this goal by offering its knowledge and expertise to the energy sector.”
During the course of the project, Fortum carried out various field data analyses; tests with local coals in different coal mill operations and combinations, measurements of NOx emission levels at different production loads; and modification to the existing coal burners and combustion staging, based on Computational Fluid Dynamic modeling combined with Fortum’s excessive experience on previous retrofit projects.
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