To commemorate 25th year of Economic Reforms, Symbiosis School of Economics (SSE) organised Prof Suresh Tendulkar Memorial Lecture series at Symbiosis Vishwa Bhavan, Senapati Bapat Road, Pune. In the second edition of the series the focus was on- Regional Release of the Public Affairs Index (PAI) in Pune, measuring the quality of governance of Indian States. The dignitaries present to address the gathering– Director of Public Affairs Centre – Mr R.Suresh and the author of the Index Dr C.K. Mathew (Former Chief Secretary of Rajasthan and currently senior fellow at PAC), Dr Rajani Gupte, Vice Chancellor, Symbiosis International University, Prof. Jyoti Chandiramani, Director, Symbiosis School of Economics (SSE) and Mr Ravikant Joshi, adviser, Urban, CRISIL Risk & Infrastructure Solutions Limited.
Although, good government has been a priority of all the government that has come after independence in India, measuring the quality of governance is still ambiguous. Public Affair centre has attempted to bring together the states of the India which are culturally, economically and socially diverse, in common data frame, for an inter- state comparison. The Public Affair Index (PAI) is aggregated ranking for good governance across the states.
The state of Maharashtra which is among the large state as defined by PAI is ranked 4th in the Good Governance index. The PAI score for Maharashtra is 0.5356. Kerala has top the list followed by Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. It is interesting to see that, Maharashtra has fared good in indicator like Economic freedom and environment. However, it lags behind in financial management and social protection.
Designed as a comprehensive exercise, the study covers 10 broad-based themes, each positioned as important pillars that uphold Governance. Each theme consists of several focus subjects and multiple indicators, covering an extensive list of 68 variables. The study examines two aspects of a variable. One, a snapshot view of where the state stands at any given point of time; and two, the change the variable has undergone over time. An arithmetic mean of three years or the latest data point is used for the former, while the growth rate or CAGR has been used to capture the latter.
Prof. Jyoti Chandiramani, Director, Symbiosis School of Economics (SSE) states, “SSE is very proud to host Public Affairs Centre (Bengaluru), for the launch of the first of its kind Public Affairs Index (PAI) in Pune – Maharashtra. This survey helps citizens, academia, researchers, think-tanks and policy makers to understand, critique and accordingly take remedial measures and chart out the course of developmental action to be adopted by each state. It is essential to remember that Part XI of the Indian constitution defines the power distribution between the federal government and the states of India. Thus good governance of a country really depends on the performance of the States with respect to the varied responsibilities that lie at their doorstep – either in the State List (61 items) or the Concurrent List (52 items).PAI is a comprehensive attempt in this direction and I am sure that the index will evolve over the years with increasing rounds of deliberations and iterations.”
“SSE is extremely proud to host the Pune-Maharshtra launch of PAI, as we have a deep association with Public Affairs Centre. Over the years our students have been interning and working with PAC and our Masters graduate, Athreya Mukunthan has been one of the architects of this index. Further, SSE with its pan India characteristic, having students coming from more than 25 States and over 100 cities, the launch will be a very significant educative experience for all,” states Prof. Jyoti.
R Suresh, the director of Public Affairs Centre (PAC), talked about the need for civil societies to hold officials accountable. “A common citizen gets very little of what was invested. The government suffers from many problems such as inefficiency, non-responsiveness, weak accountability, corruption, discretion abuse and most of all, a dormant civil society. The PAC tries to address these issues. The work is enormous and I give open invitation to people to come and join us,” said Suresh.
Author of the Index Dr C.K. Mathew urged students to take active participation in governance matters. “Fifty per cent of the country’s population is below the age of 25, yet this large chunk is least engaged with governance. I want you to get en gaged as you will inherit this country.”
He further adds, “The PAI is an attempt to bring together the states of the country which are culturally, economically and socially diverse, into a common data-driven framework, to facilitate an interstate comparison. A well-framed methodology backed by statistical data from government sources, have been included in the study to provide insights into the subject. While we acknowledge that this task is subjective and opinions may vary, PAI has adopted the best possible method which in our view maximises the opportunities to accommodate the variations among states and minimises any bias.”
Ravikant Joshi, adviser, Urban, CRISIL Risk & Infrastructure Solutions Limited, observed that the states that did well in health also did well in the education sector. He also observed an interrelationship between economic growth and social development.
“Now, as soon as index is projected as a governance ranking, there is implicit value judgement and necessity to measure processes and what goes to it. But here, the index ends up measuring outcomes or performances as most of the indicators are measures of outcomes. This should be kept in mind,” said Joshi.
Details of ranking given below:
Data used for this study was extracted from of various Union Government Ministries and Departments, which collate such data state wise periodically. Only secondary data has been used. The two exceptions are the variables related to underweight children and educational learning levels, sourced from UNICEF and ASER reports respectively. The basis of including these nongovernmental datasets in the study was high reliability and accuracy, coupled with sound international repute.
Mentioned below ranking of all states in India:
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