Pune: Prostate cancer is a form of cancer which has been growing significantly according to national cancer registry. Globally, Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death among men worldwide.
In India, there is a total lack of awareness and screening programmes for this condition. About 1 in 6 cases of prostate cancer are found in men over the age of 50 as per American statistics. Dr. Deshmukh, of the Institute For Prostate Cancer, Pune informed “Prostate cancer can be diagnosed with a blood test to detect elevated Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) levels and DRE (Digital Rectal Examination)”
PSA is an enzyme produced by the prostate in males. Its main function is liquefaction of semen. There is age specific range for normal PSA. If the PSA is high for your age the chance of having cancer increases. The Institute for Prostate Cancer will be offering a free consultation camp during the first week of January 2016.
Following are Urinary symptoms to watch out for;
· Sense of incomplete voiding
· Poor stream of urine is usually associated with benign enlargement of the prostate
There is no proven way to completely prevent this disease, but there may be steps you can take to lower your cancer risk.
Following are the: Risk Factors
· Excess weight: Excess weight is associated with insulin resistance. This leads to rise in insulin levels in blood. Insulin is responsible for more cells formation which is the cause of cancer. There is a possible link between more cancer incidences in obese people
· Previous dealings with Cancer
· Family History: If anyone in the family has suffered from cancer the next generation is 3-4 times more likely to suffer from same cancer.
· Alcohol consumption: There is no direct association with alcohol consumption and smoking with prostate cancer
· inflammation of the prostate gland may increase the risk of Prostate cancer
Following are some changes that must be incorporated into the diet to help combat this disease;
· Green Tea
· Green leafy vegetables and fruits especially Pomegranate with no sweetener
· Consumption of Tomatoes is very good, especially cooked
· Avoid red meat, excess oil in cooking
· Do regular exercises especially pelvic floor exercises which will help in minimizing urinary symptoms. Studies have found that men who perform regular physical activity have a slightly lower risk of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer in early stage does not have any different symptoms apart from these and hence early prostate cancer may be missed. Many experts recommend that regular tests should be taken beginning at age 40. Prostate cancer in advanced stage spreads to the bones which may cause pain or fracture of the vertebrae with spinal cord compression and paralysis.
While the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, inclusion of a variety of vegetables and fruits in ones daily diet, being physically active and watching your weight can help lower risk.
In our country 60-70% of patients seek medical help when they are in advanced stage(Stage 4) Hence there is a growing need for awakening the people towards need for screening for cancer prostate at an early age(Stage 1/2). It is important to understand that if this disease is detected early it can be completely cured with minimal morbidity and mortality.
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