Despite the government spending more than Rs. 30,000 crores towards skill training, vocational skilling & education in India is still plagued by low esteem and demand supply mismatch states TeamLease Signalling Value of Skill Education and Hands on-job Report. According to the report, only 2% of the workforce has opted for formal skill training making it one of the least preferred streams of education. The report attributes the low penetration of vocational learning to the lack of appreciation for hands on training, limited upward mobility, weak labour market linkages and strong perception of labour as inferior which commands mere subsistent wages.
Further as per the report, apart from social standing, the current vocational education system has not been able to impress the employers either. Employers viewed vocational educated candidates to be marginally better than the untrained. In fact, most corporates were skeptical about the quality of training and hence provided the recruits with in-house training. They were also wary of trained candidates attiring within a short period.
Elaborating about the report, Ms. Neeti Sharma, Senior Vice President, TeamLease Services said, “The skill education system in India is in shambles. It is perceived as a low value qualification by both the society and the employer. It course correction calls for a two pronged strategy. It necessitates building of institutions of better repute with better employer linkages and also adopting a strong advocacy initiative which can communicate the improved value as well as credence to all the stakeholders.”
“In countries like Austria and Germany more than 40% of the workforce comes through the vocational skilling route. But in India it is perceived as something that is for other’s children calling for a change in mindset both at the student as well as the industry level. In fact, to take advantage of the opportunities the country presents all stake holders would need to be fully aligned to the vocational skilling route.” added Mr. Vikrant Pande, Vice Chancellor, TeamLease Skills University
A detailed analysis of the various factors governing vocational education, according to the report career decisions are still guided by non- professionals. As per the study an overwhelming 76% of respondents depended on parents to help them choose their careers, whereas only 53% of the candidates relied on teachers and career advisors.
Another startling revelation of the report was the growing expectation mismatch between the candidates and the employer. While corporates are struggling to fill their blue collar/skilled profiles, talent regardless of gender aspires to secure an administrative job. Desk jobs are ranked right at the top by talent.
TeamLease Signalling Value of skill education and hands on-job Report is a comprehensive study that delves into the ‘Signaling Value’ of skills education, mapping candidate aspirations and occupational options and modeling their decisions related to choice of jobs, career advancements and migrations. The current edition deals with the perceptions candidates and their influence networks hold about skills education and hands-on jobs. The survey was administered on 200 respondents across the key cities.
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